Grade 12 Sciences:

Grade 12 English, ENG4U (University Preparation)

This course provides students with the opportunity for in-depth study of the concepts
and processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct
investigations in the areas of biochemistry, metabolic processes, molecular genetics,
homeostasis, and population dynamics. Emphasis will be placed on the achievement of
detailed knowledge and the refinement of skills needed for further study in various
branches of the life sciences and related fields.

Grade 12 Chemistry, SCH4U (University Preparation)

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the
study of organic chemistry, the structure and properties of matter, energy changes and
rates of reaction, equilibrium in chemical systems, and electrochemistry. Students will
further develop their problem-solving and investigation skills as they investigate
chemical processes, and will refine their ability to communicate scientific information.
Emphasis will be placed on the importance of chemistry in everyday life and on
evaluating the impact of chemical technology on the environment.

Grade 12 Physics, SPH4U (University Preparation)

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of physics concepts and
theories. Students will continue their exploration of energy transformations and the forces
that affect motion, and will investigate electrical, gravitational, and magnetic fields and
electromagnetic radiation. Students will also explore the wave nature of light, quantum
mechanics, and special relativity. They will further develop their scientific investigation
skills, learning, for example, how to analyse, qualitatively and quantitatively, data related
to a variety of physics concepts and principles. Students will also consider the impact of
technological applications of physics on society and the environment.

Grade 11 Sciences:

Grade 11 Chemistry, SCH3U (University Preparation)

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the
study of the properties of chemicals and chemical bonds; chemical reactions and
quantitative relationships in those reactions; solutions and solubility; and atmospheric
chemistry and the behaviour of gases. Students will further develop their analytical
skills and investigate the qualitative and quantitative properties of matter, as well as
the impact of some common chemical reactions on society and the environment.

Grade 11 Physics, SPH3U (University Preparation)

This course develops students’ understanding of the basic concepts of physics. Students
will explore kinematics, with an emphasis on linear motion; different kinds of forces;
energy transformations; the properties of mechanical waves and sound; and electricity
and magnetism. They will enhance their scientific investigation skills as they test laws
of physics. In addition, they will analyse the interrelationships between physics and
technology, and consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society
and the environment.